How much energy is in a gallon of gasoline? - (2023)

Gasoline is a highly flammable liquid that is used as fuel in internal combustion engines. It is typically made from crude oil and has a variety of chemicals in it. Gasolinecontains a lot of energy, and this energy can be released through combustion.

How much energy is in a gallon of gasoline? According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, a gallon of gasoline contains about 36.6 million British thermal units (BTUs) of energy. This is the equivalent of about 121,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy. Gasoline also has a density of about 0.730 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3).

Is a gallon of gasoline kinetic or potential energy?

When you burn gasoline in your car’s engine, you are releasing the chemical potential energy that is stored in the gasoline’s bonds. This energy is converted into kinetic energy, which powers your car.

The chemical potential energy in gasoline is released when the bonds between the atoms in the gasoline are broken. When these bonds are broken, the atoms rearrange themselves into new configurations, releasing energy in the process. This energy is converted into heat, which then powers the engine.

The heat from the burning gasoline turns the water in the engine into steam, which powers the engine. The engine then converts the kinetic energy of the steam into mechanical energy, which powers the car.

A gallon of gasoline contains a large amount of chemical potential energy. When this energy is released, it is converted into kinetic energy, which powers the car.

How much energy is in a gallon of gasoline in kWh?

A gallon of gasoline contains approximately 33.7 kWh of energy. This unit of measure establishes that one gallon of gasoline equals 33.7 kWh of electricity.

(Video) How much energy is in a gallon of gas?

Kilowatt-hours (kWh) is a measure of energy, and one kWh is equivalent to one kilowatt (kW) of power for one hour. Therefore, one gallon of gasoline contains the energy equivalent of 33.7 kilowatts of power for one hour.

See also Converting sunlight into energy: The role of mitochondria

This means that if you were to use a gallon of gasoline to power a 100 watt light bulb for one hour, you could power 3,370 light bulbs with that same amount of gasoline.

The average car gets about 25 miles per gallon, which means that each gallon of gasoline can power a car for about 25 miles.

However, this number will vary depending on the car and the driving conditions. For example, driving in stop-and-go traffic will use more gasoline than driving on the highway.

When you drive your car, the gasoline is used to power the engine, which then powers the wheels. The engine uses a lot of power, so it uses up the gasoline quickly.

Therefore, a gallon of gasoline contains a lot of energy and can power a car for a significant distance.

(Video) Europe's Natural Gas Challenge

What type of energy is gasoline in a tank?

A tank of gasoline itself has potential chemical energy. The bonds between the atoms and molecules of the gasoline break when it is burned, releasing energy and heat. This release of energy is called thermal energy.

The thermal energy created by burning gasoline can be used in a number of ways. It can be used to power an engine, which then powers a car. It can also be used to heat a building or to provide electricity.

The potential chemical energy in gasoline is converted to thermal energy via a process called combustion. During combustion, the bonds between the atoms and molecules in the gasoline are broken and the resulting energy is released in the form of heat and light.

The amount of energy released during combustion is dependent on the type of gasoline and the environment in which it is burned. For example, premium unleaded gasoline will release more energy than lower-grade gasolines when burned under the same conditions.

While the combustion of gasoline can create a lot of pollution, it is still one of the most efficient ways to convert potential chemical energy into usable thermal energy.

How many joules of energy are in a gallon of gas?

A gallon of gasoline contains approximately 132×106 joules of energy, equivalent to 125,000 British thermal units or 36,650 watt hours.

See also Activation Energy: What is it and why do reactions need it?
(Video) Arthur Stewart (2022) "Energy Reflections"

In other words, a gallon of gas contains a LOT of energy. Enough energy to power a small city for a day, or to drive a car for hundreds of miles.

This is why gas is such an important fuel source. It contains a huge amount of energy that can be released very quickly.

However, this also makes gas very dangerous. If it is not used properly, this huge amount of energy can be released in a very short time, causing explosions and fires.

That is why it is so important to be careful when handling gas. It is a powerful fuel that can do a lot of damage if not used correctly.

Does gasoline have energy?

Gasoline also known as petrol is an energy-dense secondary fuel that can be thought of as an energy currency. It is used to power many heat engines, most importantly it acts as a fuel for a large proportion of cars.

Gasoline is a derived product of crude oil distillation. Crude oil is a fossil fuel found in the Earth’s upper crust and consists of hydrocarbons of varying molecular weights. The main hydrocarbons in gasoline are alkanes and cycloalkanes, with low to intermediate molecular weights.

The energy density of gasoline is similar to that of other fuels such as ethanol, methanol, and propane. However, gasoline has a higher volumetric energy density. This means that a given volume of gasoline contains more energy than the same volume of any other common fuel.

(Video) The Future Of Global Energy At The Edge Of Disorder

One liter of gasoline contains about 34 megajoules (MJ) of energy. Gasoline also has a high mass energy density. This means that a given mass of gasoline contains more energy than the same mass of any other common fuel. One kilogram (kg) of gasoline contains about 45 MJ of energy.

  • Gasoline is a derived product of crude oil distillation.
  • The main hydrocarbons in gasoline are alkanes and cycloalkanes, with low to intermediate molecular weights.
  • Gasoline has a higher volumetric energy density than any other common fuel.
  • One liter of gasoline contains about 34 megajoules (MJ) of energy.
  • One kilogram (kg) of gasoline contains about 45 MJ of energy.
See also Is energy crisis already laying waste to the high street?

Gasoline is an important fuel because it is easy to transport and has a high energy density. Gasoline can be transported by pipeline, tanker truck, or boat. It can also be stored in tanks or drums.

How much energy is in a liter of gasoline?

One litre of gasoline contains the energy equivalent to 8.9 kWh of electricity.

That’s enough energy to power a 100 watt lightbulb for almost 90 hours, or a laptop for nearly 17 hours.

It’s also enough to charge an electric car for about 3 miles of driving.

How does this compare to other fuel sources?

(Video) How does my wind generator compare with my solar? How many gallons of gas do I save?

  • 1 litre of gasoline = 8.9 kWh of electricity
  • 1 litre of diesel = 10.2 kWh of electricity
  • 1 litre of propane = 11.1 kWh of electricity
  • 1 litre of ethanol = 9.7 kWh of electricity
  • 1 litre of methanol = 7.3 kWh of electricity

As you can see, gasoline is not the most efficient fuel source, but it is still a very powerful one.

If you’re ever in need of a quick burst of energy, a liter of gas will give you plenty.


What level of gas storage does the EU have GIE? ›

The regulation has been swiftly implemented. In September 2022, the EU had its storage facilities filled by 80% on average. In October 2022, filling level reached 90%. In December 2022, gas reserves started to be used up due to the weather, but as of January 2023, the filling level remains above 80%.

Does EU have gas? ›

The EU's gas supply

In 2021, the EU imported 83% of its natural gas. Since Russia's invasion of Ukraine, gas imports from Russia to the EU have been significantly reduced. This has mainly been compensated for by a sharp increase in imports of liquified natural gas (LNG), particularly from the US.

How much gas can Europe store? ›

The European Union's gas storage volume amounted to 990.16 terawatts hour (TWh) in October 2022, accounting for approximately 89.02 percent of its capacity.

How much gas storage does Germany have? ›

It is therefore still important to save gas. Gas is mainly being taken out of storage. The total storage level in Germany is 73.08%. Gas consumption in the week beginning 31 January 2023 was 14.3% below the average consumption for 2018 to 2021 and 13% lower than in the previous week.

Can Europe survive without Russian gas? ›

"In 2023, Europe will likely, for the first time, need to survive a full calendar year with only minimal volumes of Russian pipeline gas," S&P Global analysts Michael Stoppard and Alun Davies said in a recent report.

How much EU energy is gas? ›

In 2021, two-thirds (76 percent) of Europe's energy was made by burning fossil fuels – gas (34 percent), oil (31 percent) and coal (11 percent). Renewable energy, including hydropower, solar, wind and biofuels, accounted for 14 percent, with nuclear making up the remaining 10 percent.

Is European gas better than us gas? ›

In essence American 90-octane fuel would be the same as European 95 octane fuel. Thus, regardless of where you live or the octane number on the pump, most unleaded fuel worldwide are the same. In Europe the number maybe 95, but it is no different than 90 octane fuel in America.

Is gasoline different in Europe? ›

Contrary to popular belief, fuel quality in the States is as good as anywhere else in Europe. Most Americans think that because they are running 91 octane fuel, their engine will blow up. It is the same as if they were using European 95oct fuel. In our website you will find RON ratings required for each remap stage.

Why is gas so high in Europe? ›

Ultimately, European countries pay high prices for wholesale natural gas not because of companies' greed but because the gas market propped on Russian gas supply collapsed and there was no readily available alternative to replace it.

Can the US supply enough gas to Europe? ›

The United States will be able to export more gas, but it will take time. The seven big U.S. LNG plants, including Freeport LNG, currently have the capacity to export about 13.6 bcfd. That will rise to 13.8 bcfd later in 2022 when the last units at Venture Global LNG's Calcasieu Pass plant in Louisiana enter service.

Why is gas cheaper in the US vs Europe? ›

Countries game the consumer cost of gasoline through taxes and subsidies, leading to wildly different prices around the globe. In the US, prices are far lower than most large economies because of comparably light taxes at the federal and state level.

How long will Europe's gas reserves last? ›

Germany's Natural Gas Storage Will Last For Two And A Half Months |

Which country has the largest gas deposit in the world? ›

Russia has the largest proved natural gas reserves in the world. As of 2020, it had 37.4 trillion cubic meters worth of the fossil fuel, three trillion cubic meters more than ten years prior.

Who sells the most gas in the world? ›

Russia is the world's leading exporter of gas, exporting 201.7 billion cubic meters of gas via pipelines in 2021, and 39.6 billion cubic meters of liquefied natural gas (LNG). The United States was the second-largest natural gas exporter globally, followed by Qatar and Norway.

Can us replace Russian gas in Europe? ›

U.S. LNG Cannot Replace The Russian Natural Gas That Europe Has Lost. Europe has relied on U.S. LNG imports to offset the loss of Russian gas, with nearly 70% of U.S. LNG exports heading to Europe in September.

Can China replace Europe for Russian gas? ›

China to boost gas imports from Russia by 50B cubic meters through construction of Power of Siberia 2 pipeline, which is expected to be operational by 2030. China is set to overtake the European Union (EU) as the main consumer of Russian natural gas after the Power of Siberia 2 pipeline comes online by 2030.

What happens if Russia stops gas to Germany? ›

A full shutdown, while not their base case, could drive European household energy costs up by about 65% to around €500 ($512) per month, according to estimates by Goldman Sachs Research. Industries like chemicals and cement in Germany and Italy might have to cut their gas usage by as much as 80%.

How is gas measured in EU? ›

In Europe, where the metric system is used, the abbreviation most commonly used is thousand of cubic meters or MCM.

Why did Russia cut off gas to Europe? ›

Russia has completely cut off its supply of gas to Europe , as retaliation for all the Western sanctions imposed on Russia. Denmark is finally moving out of negative interest rates , a decade after it first introduced the concept to the world.

What percent of EU energy is natural gas? ›

Natural gas is the main heating fuel in the European Union and also accounts for a major share of inland energy consumption. In 2020, natural gas made up 38.2 percent of total gross heat generation within the EU, while also accounting for 24 percent of overall consumption.
CharacteristicShare of total energy use
3 more rows
Jan 31, 2023

Why are gas prices higher in Europe versus the US? ›

People in many industrialized countries outside of the U.S. pay more for gasoline due to higher taxes on fuel. European countries tend to have the highest gas taxes.

What is USA fuel quality? ›

Retail gasoline stations in the United States sell three main grades of gasoline based on the octane level: Regular (the lowest octane fuel–generally 87) Midgrade (the middle range octane fuel–generally 89–90) Premium (the highest octane fuel–generally 91–94)

How much is gas in Europe compared to the US? ›

Many European nations tax gasoline heavily, with taxes making up as much as 75 percent of the cost of a gallon of gasoline, said a spokesperson for AirInc.
Company Matches.
NationCityPrice in USD Regular/Gallon
United KingdomLondon$5.79
32 more rows

What is gasoline called in Europe? ›

It's not used in its crude form. Different additives are added like ethanol to use it as fuel for passenger vehicles. In the US and Latin countries, term gasoline is used, but in Europe and Asian countries it's called petrol.

Do they sell gas by the gallon in Europe? ›

Several European countries pay north of $7 or $8 per gallon, including Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. At the top of the expensive list is Hong Kong, where prices per gallon are higher than $11, followed by Norway at more than $10.

Is gas sold by the liter or gallon in Europe? ›

In Europe, gasoline is sold by the liter. If a compact car can hold 13.7 gallons, how many liters is this?

What is the price of gas in Russia? ›

The average value for Russia during that period was 51.60 Russian Rouble with a minimum of 51.59 Russian Rouble on 20-Feb-2023 and a maximum of 51.60 Russian Rouble on 21-Nov-2022. For comparison, the average price of gasoline in the world for this period is 137.51 Russian Rouble.

When did Russia cut off gas to Europe? ›

Russia's state-owned energy giant, Gazprom, halted all exports via Nord Stream 1 from Aug. 31, citing maintenance work on its only remaining compressor. However, while flows were due to resume after three days, Gazprom on Friday cited an oil leak for the indefinite shutdown of the pipeline.

Is US sending more gas to Europe than Russia for the first time? ›

For the first time, the U.S. provided more liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Europe than Russia sends by pipelines, according to the latest data released by the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Can Russian gas be replaced? ›

New research released by the International Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP) Europe and the American Petroleum Institute (API) shows Europe can progressively rebalance its gas supply and replace Russian gas imports well before 2030, despite short term challenges and significant impact to society.

Can US replace Russian oil? ›

Replacing Russian imports with domestic oil

Most experts agreed that the U.S. could replace Russian oil by increasing domestic production — though some cautioned there might be a lag.

Why is gas so high in America? ›

Demand for gasoline is rising, and global supply is set to remain limited after the OPEC+ decision, meaning higher prices. And while price increases over the past week have been relatively slow and steady, cutbacks in global oil production around the world could herald a much faster and more dramatic rise.

Why is gasoline taxed so heavily? ›

Thus, drivers pay a gas tax to help cover the cost of building and maintaining roads, bridges, and tunnels—and to address the problems of traffic congestion and pollution.

Are Americans buying less gas? ›

The only way to bring prices down is to buy less gasoline. Americans are buying less gasoline. The data comes from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

How many years of gasoline does the earth have left? ›

Conclusion: how long will fossil fuels last? It is predicted that we will run out of fossil fuels in this century. Oil can last up to 50 years, natural gas up to 53 years, and coal up to 114 years.

Will EU run out of gas? ›

Energy crisis will erode Europe's competitiveness in 2023. Natural gas storage in Europe is likely to be completely depleted by spring 2023, and little new import capacity will be available.

How many years of gas is left in the world? ›

The world has proven reserves equivalent to 52.3 times its annual consumption. This means it has about 52 years of gas left (at current consumption levels and excluding unproven reserves).

What country has the most oil? ›


Is the US the largest gas producer in the world? ›

The total volume of natural gas produced worldwide amounted to 3.85 trillion cubic meters in 2020. Although the United States is the world's largest natural gas producer, it is the second largest exporter of natural gas.

How much gas does Russia have left? ›

Summary Table
Million Cubic Ft (MMcf)Global Rank
Gas Reserves1,688,228,0001st in the world
Gas Production22,728,7342nd in the world
Gas Consumption15,538,2472nd in the world
Yearly Surplus+ 7,190,487
3 more rows

Is the US the only country with highest gas prices? ›

Gas prices in Europe are counted among the highest worldwide. At 7.6 U.S. dollars per gallon or more, gasoline is particularly expensive in Iceland, Norway, Denmark, Greece, Finland, and the Netherlands.

Why does Russia have so much gas? ›

2. How did Russia become so significant? With its vast Siberian fields, Russia has the world's largest reserves of natural gas. It began exporting to Poland in the 1940s and laid pipelines in the 1960s to deliver fuel to and through satellite states of what was then the Soviet Union.

Where does Russia get its gas? ›

Russia is the world's second largest natural gas producer. It holds the largest natural gas reserves in the world, the bulk of which are located in Siberia.

Where does the US get most of his gas? ›

The top five source countries of U.S. gross petroleum imports in 2021 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Colombia.

What is the largest gas station in the USA? ›

Buc-ee's is the largest gas station in the World! Which makes it the largest gas station in America.

Who owns the most gas in the US? ›

Shell, Exxon Mobil and Chevron are the largest gas stations in the United States in 2023 based on the number of locations. Shell has the most number of locations with 12,442 locations across 51 states and territories. Exxon Mobil has 11,993 and Chevron has 6,990 locations in the US.

How many days gas storage does Europe have? ›

Full gas storage could sustain European countries for, at best, about three months, according to Aurora Energy Research. In Germany, home to nearly a quarter of the EU's storage, stored gas could meet 80 to 90 days of average demand.

What are European gas storage levels 2023? ›

Introduction of minimum gas storage obligations: The European Union adopted a new storage regulation in June 2022, according to which storage sites have to be filled to at least 80% of their capacity before the winter of 2022- 23, and to 90% ahead of all following winter periods.

What is the status of European gas supply? ›

In the European Union, natural gas consumption fell by an estimated 13% (or 55 bcm) in 2022 compared to 2021 –its steepest decline in absolute terms in history. Distribution-network related demand fell by an estimated 17% (or 28 bcm) in 2022, accounting for over half of the total reduction in gas consumption.

Which country has the largest gas storage facilities? ›

Countries with the largest gas storage capacity
  • Russia – 397,746 terawatt hours (tWh) Russia controls an astonishing 38 trillion cubic metres (tcm) of proven gas reserves, putting it at the top of the table. ...
  • Iran – 334,944 tWh. ...
  • Qatar – 258,534.9 tWh. ...
  • Turkmenistan – 204,106.5 tWh. ...
  • United States – 135,024.3 tWh.
Oct 31, 2022

How long can Europe last without Russian gas? ›

Even in a worst-case scenario, in which there is no piped Russian gas and low demand destruction, BNEF estimates Europe would still have enough gas to endure the coldest winter of the last 30 years without depleting its inventories. Looking further ahead, the region could be well-positioned for winter 2023-24 as well.

Who has the largest gas reserves in Europe? ›

Russia. Russia has the largest natural gas reserves in the world (some 47 tcm [1,680 tcf]), and it periodically changes place with the United States as the world's largest or second largest producer.

Is the US going to sell gas to Europe? ›

U.S. is a big supplier of European natural gas, but it's not the U.S. producers,” said Mikulska, a fellow with the Baker Institute's Center for Energy Studies. “It's the companies that buy the gas from U.S. producers, and it usually goes where the price is highest.”

Why did Europe stop producing gas? ›

Production of natural gas in Europe decreased because the North Sea gas fields, which are particularly important sources of natural gas production from the U.K. and the Netherlands, were depleted. And later the Netherlands announced they were completely shutting down their Groningen gas fields because of earthquakes.

How long can Europe gas reserves last? ›

Germany's Natural Gas Storage Will Last For Two And A Half Months |

What will happen if Russia stop gas supply to Europe? ›

A full shutdown, while not their base case, could drive European household energy costs up by about 65% to around €500 ($512) per month, according to estimates by Goldman Sachs Research. Industries like chemicals and cement in Germany and Italy might have to cut their gas usage by as much as 80%.

Who controls the most gas in the world? ›

Natural Gas Reserves by Country
#CountryWorld Share
4United States5.3%
95 more rows

Who is the number 1 gas producing country? ›

United States


1. Gas is going to $7 a Gallon AT LEAST... time to permanently destroy the Middle Class (Going Broke)
(The Millionaire Morning Show w/ Anton Daniels)
2. Europe Winter From Hell As Russia Shuts Down Europe Energy
(Savvy Economists)
3. “reading” the FUEL GAUGE predator 9000 generator (harbor freight)
(Live Free)
4. Cost to generate electricity with a Diesel Generator? ✔️
(Alternative Energy Review)
5. Gas prices hit $6 a gallon
(KCAL News)
6. Cost of Gasoline Breakdown - How Much Does the Station Make Per Gallon?
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Geoffrey Lueilwitz

Last Updated: 02/21/2023

Views: 5305

Rating: 5 / 5 (80 voted)

Reviews: 87% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Geoffrey Lueilwitz

Birthday: 1997-03-23

Address: 74183 Thomas Course, Port Micheal, OK 55446-1529

Phone: +13408645881558

Job: Global Representative

Hobby: Sailing, Vehicle restoration, Rowing, Ghost hunting, Scrapbooking, Rugby, Board sports

Introduction: My name is Geoffrey Lueilwitz, I am a zealous, encouraging, sparkling, enchanting, graceful, faithful, nice person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.