50 Amp Gfci Breaker For Hot Tub - JacuzziClub.net (2023)

& 4 Wire Spa Electrical Systems

Hot Tub 50 Amp GFCI Power Panel Out Of Box

A large portion of 240V spas manufactured today require a 50 amp 4-wire electrical service. Some hot tubs have load requirements of 30A or 40A, and a few even 60A. These requirements correspond to the size of the new feed circuit breaker installed in the house service panel. The Disconnect GFCI panel’s amp rating can be equal to, or larger than the feed breaker in the main panel.

Hot tubs with mixed voltage components require 4-wire systems. This means they require an electrical circuit providing hot wires, neutral, and ground wire. Check the owner’s manual.

The two hot legs provide 240 volts . One hot leg with the neutral wire provides 120V. The ground wire carries no current except when a short circuit to ground occurs. This causes the circuit breaker to trip on overload .

Jump to: 120V Hot Tubs

Many older 240V spas and some newer ones use 3-wire installations. These consist of just 2 hot wires and a ground wire, without a neutral wire.

Both 3-wire and 4-wire spas must be GFCI protected. A 4-wire hot tub must not be connected to a 3-wire service. Proper grounding is also essential.

In either case, the disconnect panel must be supplied with 4-wire service in order for the GFCI to function correctly. Refer to the spa owner’s manual for wire gauge, etc.

Note: Certain models of Hot Spring and Caldera spas require special subpanel disconnects. They have 2 separate 240V GFCI breakers in the load center.

Is A 50 Amp Breaker Enough For A Hot Tub

A 50 amps breaker is considered the ideal and standard-sized breaker for a hot tub because most house owners tend to use a 50 amps breaker for the hot tubs.

In addition to that, most of the hot tubs available on the market are quite compatible with the 50 amps breaker.

Choosing the right-sized breaker for the hot tub is important. A right-sized breaker will help to provide an uninterrupted power supply to the appliance and prevent the hot tub from getting damaged due to any type of electrical overload or short circuit.

The breaker will be an efficient and convenient solution for the hot tubs. Generally, a standard-sized 50 amps breaker is needed to run a hot tub.

Because if the appliance faces any short circuit or overload, the wire may melt down and create a chance of potential fire. So, a breaker will be able to balance the power supply smoothly.

How To Fix A Tripped Hot Tub Gfci Circuit Breaker

Finally, you’re the owner of the hot tub you’ve always wanted. Ever since you first brought it home, it’s provided you with nothing but peace, relaxation, and comfort. Except for one small thing: The GFCI circuit breaker keeps tripping, shutting off the power to your spa just when you’re settling in for a soak.

GFCI issues are a relatively common occurrence with hot tubs, and often can be resolved with little fuss or expense. However, because electricity and water are an extremely dangerous combination, make sure you know what you’re doing before troubleshooting any electrical problems. Unless you’re confident in your ability to address GFCI issues yourself, always consult a professional hot tub repair expert or electrician. An improperly-wired hot tub can result in electrocution or an electrical fire. Electrical work such as installing a hot tub or making adjustments to its components or wiring must be performed by a licensed electrician and must adhere to all local and national electrical codes. As a reminder, always turn off your hot tub and disconnect it from the power supply before attempting any repairs.

You May Like: Hot Tubs For Sale Columbus Ohio

Hot Tub Electrical Installation Hookup Gfci

The way to have 230v hot tub electrical installed is to contact your local electrician.Following is information to understand the process but under no circumstances is intended to be a how-to for non-electricians as working on any electrical appliance including hot tubs can be extremely dangerous if proper procedure and precautions are not taken.

You May Need A Gfci Breaker For Your Hot Tub

50 Amp Gfci Breaker For Hot Tub - JacuzziClub.net (1)

Youll find many homeowners asking for the correct wiring of, lets say, a 50 amp GFCI breaker for a hot tub. GFCI protection is a fairly common requirement for hot tubs. This is also usually dictated by where youll be placing your tub, whether its indoor or outdoor.

For outdoor hot tubs, youll need to pay attention to these requirements:

  • The receptacle should be GFCI-protected and weatherproof.
  • Its distance from the interior walls of the hot tub should be at least 6 feet and should not exceed 10 feet.
  • You can connect the tub with a plug and cord, but its receptacle should be verified to be GFCI-protected. The wire run shouldnt be longer than 15 feet as well.

As for indoor tubs, you may be asked to adhere to the following guidelines:

  • You must ensure that youre using a GFCI-protected receptacle.
  • The said receptacles distance from the hot tubs interior wall should not go below 6 feet and above 10 feet.

If you are confused about the difference between GFCI circuit Breaker and GFCI receptacle, please check this article for more details.

On the whole, GFCI may be more expensive, but I think theyre well worth it for the peace of mind they impart, especially when dealing with possible ground faults.

Want to learn how to install one? If yes, I suggest you watch this relatively brief but info-packed video shared by an actual pro:

Read Also: Hotel Rooms With Jacuzzi In Ct

Hot Tub Wiring And Conduit

Parts and wiring needed for the electrical installation may include flex conduit, rigid PVC conduit and fittings as well as either #6 or #8 THHN stranded copper wire depending on your spa, length of the wire run and local code. Your electrician may also need PVC cement and electrical tape.

Regarding conduit, for hot tubs, flexible may be used if the run is under 6 feet. The types to use include liquid-tight flexible metal conduit or liquid-tight flexible nonmetallic conduit in lengths of no more than 6 feet.

Flex conduit is typically used inside the spa to run the wire from the exterior wall condulet to the spa pack/controller.

For longer runs underground, install underground wiring in rigid metal conduit,intermediate metal conduit or a nonmetallic system that is listed for direct burial such as 1″ rigid Schedule 40 PVC electrical conduit.

This type of conduit needs to be buried at a minimum depth of 6 inches for metal and 18 inches for nonmetallic conduit. The combination of rigid PVC conduit combined with short length of flexible is used as code permits.

Note that a frost expansion joint may be required at the point where conduit comes out of the ground and enters a wall or wall mounted panel.

Why The Mw Spa Gfci Load Center/disconnect Is The Better Choice:

Unfortunately, conventional load centers often perform unreliably with hot tubs due to the phenomenon called errant tripping. This false tripping is a great frustration to homeowners and electricians alike. It is often incorrectly attributed to a problem with the spa, when no problem exists.

Common GFCI breakers sometimes react to a normal spa condition as if it were a ground fault. Reactive loads that spa motors present plus the resistance load of heaters make normal GFCI breakers unreliable at best.

Our Spa Disconnect GFCI panel solves these problems. It’s the dependable ground fault detector designed just for hot tubs. The specially-shielded GFCI prevents false tripping due to RF interference. It is also engineered for low-voltage stability to prevent tripping due to brownouts, fluctuations and mixed loads. If there is a ground fault, the fast-acting GFCI instantly disconnects the lines.

Note: The NEC and many jurisdictions REQUIRE the installation of a 120V outdoor GFCI outlet. It is to be located 10-20 feet away from a spa or pool, for safe operation of corded appliances.

Also Check: Cabin Rentals In Maine With Hot Tub

Cutting & Cementing Of Pvc Conduit

PVC electrical conduit should be assembled prior to running wire. It is generally easier to fish wires through conduit in the trench before it is buried.

Cuts should be made square, using a cutting tool or PVC wire-rope saw. Remove burrs with a utility knife and medium-grit sandpaper. Dry-fit pieces before gluing.

PVC electrical conduit is joined with appropriate PVC solvent-based cement. Joint surfaces should be wiped clean before joining.

More information: NEMA Guide Solvent-Cementing PVC Nonmetallic Conduit

What Is A Gfci Circuit Breaker

Hot Tub GFCI Breaker Information How To DIY The Spa Guy

A GFCIa Ground Fault Circuit Interrupteris a device used to protect your hot tub from unusual fluctuations or deviations in your power supply. Ground faults and short circuits occur when electricity takes a path the designers of the circuit didn’t intend. When a GFCI detects an anomaly in the electrical supply, such as a ground fault or a short circuit, it interrupts the circuit and cuts off all electricity to your spa. When this interruption occurs, it’s often referred to as tripping the GFCI.

You May Like: Hotels With Jacuzzi In Room Batavia Ny

Spas Requiring Dual 240v Gfci Subpanel Breakers

Certain models of Hot Spring and Caldera spas , require a special subpanel disconnects. These contain two separate GFCI breakers: one for the heater, and a second for the pump and other components.

These spas should not be wired to a single spa circuit breaker box such as our MW disconnect panel. Consult your owner’s manual, the dealer, or the manufacturer for installation information.

Electrical Hookup Requirements For Hot Tubs

Most spas will operate with either 50 or 60 amp dedicated service at 220-240 volts.

Hooking up a 230 volt hot tub involves an electrician integrating the main house panel with a 50 or 60 amp breaker, the external GFCI/disconnect box and the spa pak/hot tub controller box. Be sure that the GFCI should corresponds to the house breaker, so for instance a 60A GFCI should be paired with a 60A house breaker. Whether 50A or 60A is required depends on the number of pumps and size of heater in the spa.

For most exterior spas, the electrician will run a 4-wire number 6 or number 8 wire to the spa location. The size of the wire to be used is determined by the maximum current draw of the hot tub, the length of the wire run and the NEC or local codes. Use thermoplastic nylon insulated copper wire, never aluminum.

See our current collection of GFCI load centers, GFCI power cords and GFCIs.

Also Check: What Is The Difference Between Hot Tub And Jacuzzi

Wiring To The Maximum Amperage Requirement Pays Off And Is Usually The Way To Go For Most

If you plan to expand your tub or want the full package from the get-go, then you should consider wiring to the highest capacity. This way, youll always be sure that the tub will heat optimally while running all its pumps. I always take this route with the thought that Ill only make things more complicated than it has to be otherwise.

Its also standard procedure among professional electricians to allow upsizing as long as the calculated load is less than the wires rating. All in all, you dont have to worry too much about the tub pulling too many amps.

However, to be safe, the best thing you can do to confirm this once and for all is to ask your local electrical inspector. Chances are, he or she will point you toward the manual as well.

Can A Hot Tub Run On A 30 Amp Breaker

50 Amp Gfci Breaker For Hot Tub - JacuzziClub.net (2)

Yes, some hot rubs can be operated using a 30 amps breaker without any issue because they were made to become compatible with the 30 amps breaker.

In addition to that, the 30 amps breaker will suit the hot tubs only when the basic requirement for breakers in the particular hot tub is 30 amps or less than that.

That is why it is recommended to use breakers of a little bit higher amperage than the requirement of the hot tub. In that case, you can also follow the user manual of the hot tub manufacturer company.

In most of the user manuals, the breaker amperage value is mentioned. This will help to understand the basic requirement of the breaker for the hot tub and help to run the hot tub without any hassle.

In addition to that, you may see that the breaker requirement seems higher than the specs. That is because the extra amps will be used in other features of the hot tub.

Also Check: Minneapolis Hotels With Hot Tub

What Size Breaker Do I Need For A Hot Tub 40 Or 60 Amp

Fact checked by Andrew Wright

The most valid answer to the question, What size breaker do I need for a hot tub? is 50 amps. This is, of course, assuming you also have a standard 40 amp, 220V, or 240V hot tub. A 50 amp hot tub breaker is fairly common among homeowners, as are 40 amp and 60 amp varieties.

Essentially, its not a one-size-fits-all thing. Some tubs run fine with a 20 amp or 30 amp circuit breaker. Therefore, you cant skip sizing the appropriate breaker for the spa you wish to set up. Stick to the manufacturers instructions if youre unsure. Ive explained more of the mechanics and gave a couple of tips below.

Installing Our Backyard Spa

Now let’s take a look at a typical backyard installation. In our movie below, we’ve already poured a level cement slab and placed our hot tub on it.

Per the owner’s manual, our hot tub requires a 240V, 50 amp 4-wire electrical hook-up, using AWG #6 copper wire. The electrician is running all buried wiring in 1″ rigid Sch-40 grey PVC electrical conduit. Refer to your owner’s manual for wire requirements.

Select the tabs below to follow the project from Planning through Hook-up:

Also Check: Lower Chlorine In Hot Tub

Top 10 Rated 50 Amp Gfci Breaker For Hot Tub In 2022 Comparison Table

Bestseller No. 1

  • Wire Size #144 AWG
  • Trip Type Common
  • Double pole, 50 Amp, type QPF2 GFCI Circuit Breaker
  • 10,000 AIC interrupting rating
  • Includes self-test as required by UL 943 as an added safety feature
  • Suitable for a variety of construction applications including spas, hot tubs, kitchens, bathrooms, etc.
  • Provides class A GFCI protection


  • QO Qwik-Gard 50 Amp two-pole GFCI circuit breaker


  • Double pole, 50 Amp, type MP-GT2 GFCI Circuit Breaker
  • 10,000 AIC interrupting rating
  • Includes self-test as required by UL 943 as an added safety feature
  • Suitable for a variety of construction applications including spas, hot tubs, kitchens, bathrooms, etc.
  • Provides class A GFCI protection


  • Eaton Electical / Cutler-Hamm #GFCB250CS 50A240V GF Circular Breaker
  • 50 Amp two pole GFCI included
  • 2 extra spaces for branch circuits
  • 5mA ground Fault for Personnel Protection per UL 943
  • Designed for Use in GE Load Centers


What are the top 10 good 50 amp gfci breaker for hot tub for your money in 2022? Our company had scanned more than 64,682 customer reviews about top 10 best 50 amp gfci breaker for hot tub in 2022. So, lets take a closer look at the most popular options currently available and find the top 10 rated 50 amp gfci breaker for hot tub in 2022 for you.

Well list all the best products within a category and offer a product comparison table so you can make a great purchase that meets your goals and your budget.

Why Does My Gfci Keep Tripping When I Turn On My Hot Tub

GFCI Breaker Tripping New Wire Up Hot Tub How To Repair The Spa Guy

When your GFCI trips, it’s an indication that something unexpected has happened with your electrical supply. This might be a one-time occurrence, which may be resolved by simply pressing the button to reset the breaker. If your GFCI repeatedly trips whenever you turn on your hot tub, it means there’s an ongoing problem that must be addressed and resolved. There are a few reasons why your GFCI might trip each time you power up your hot tub:

  • There may be an issue with your GFCI. Disconnect all hot tub components from your GFCI, then reset it. If it immediately trips even though nothing is attached to it, your GFCI is most likely faulty and will need to be replaced.
  • There may be an issue with one of your hot tub’s components, such as the heater, the pumps, or the entertainment system. If these components can be individually disconnected from your GFCI, disconnect them all, then reconnect and test them one at a time. If any of them cause your GFCI to trip when you turn your hot tub on, the faulty component will most likely need to be serviced or replaced.
  • Your GFCI may be wired incorrectly. To isolate a faulty switch or wire, disconnect wires one at a time to each switch, then test the GFCI to see if any individual wire causes it to trip.

Once again, it’s important to stress that electricity can be harmful or fatal. If you aren’t confident in your ability to safely troubleshoot electrical problems, call in a knowledgeable and experienced professional.

You May Like: Plunge Pool With Hot Tub

Wire Size & Type For Hot Tubs

After reviewing the spa owner’s manual, our electrician determined that our project needed #6 THHN stranded copper wire. He used four individual insulated conductors: red & black-hot, white-neutral, and green-ground wire in our example.

Your wire gauge requirements may differ from our example, depending upon the spa manufacturer’s specification, code requirements, and wire type. Unusually long runs may require larger wire size, as determined by the electrician.

Although copper is not cheap, scrimping by using under-size wire is a hazardous false economy. It may violate code requirements and/or void your equipment manufacturer’s warranty. Aluminum or copper-clad aluminum wire is not recommended. Sheathed cable, i.e. Romex®, is not permitted inside underground conduit.

Note: Spa control box terminals generally cannot accommodate wire larger than #6. Refer to the owner’s manual.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Jeremiah Abshire

Last Updated: 03/15/2023

Views: 5373

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (74 voted)

Reviews: 89% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Jeremiah Abshire

Birthday: 1993-09-14

Address: Apt. 425 92748 Jannie Centers, Port Nikitaville, VT 82110

Phone: +8096210939894

Job: Lead Healthcare Manager

Hobby: Watching movies, Watching movies, Knapping, LARPing, Coffee roasting, Lacemaking, Gaming

Introduction: My name is Jeremiah Abshire, I am a outstanding, kind, clever, hilarious, curious, hilarious, outstanding person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.